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2FA – when will it become completely redundant?



Two-factor authentication (2FA), also referred to as two-step verification or dual-factor authentication is a security protocol set up to have two different authentication factors to verify the user before authorizing the login. The process itself is designed to create a more secure way of protecting the user’s credentials and most importantly the resource the user is trying access. It obviously provides a higher level of security than its single-factor authentication (SFA) counterparts where the users are required to provide only one factor – typically a password. 2FA methods require the user to provide an additional verification step usually in the form of a biometric or tokenized factor. Sometimes an SMS to the mobile phone number or an additional authentication request on the application on the smartphone. Google, Steam, and Facebook are some of the most popular services that require 2FA.

It goes without saying that since 2FA adds an additional layer of protection to the authentication process the system becomes harder for the attackers to access since knowing the identification and password of the user is not enough to enter.

What Authentication Factors are Used?

There are several different types of authentication factors. Currently, most of the simple methods require something knowledge-based such as passwords, passcodes, an answer to a security question, etc. However, 2FA adds an additional layer by requesting more possession-based or inherence factor. Some of the authentication factors are as follows:

Knowledge factor is something a user is required to know in order to gain access to the system. This may be a password, a Personal Identification Number (PIN) code, or some type of an answer to a secret question. This is the first and the most basic step in the authentication process and is met on every platform one can imagine at this point.

Possession factor is something 2FA usually utilizes to prove the identity of the user trying to log in. This can be anything from an Identification (ID) card, a security token, a mobile device, a smartphone app, or anything that can approve the request to access the system. These are the types of factors commonly utilized in the entertainment industries for example. Video gaming accounts, gambling accounts, online shopping, and so on. This is usually something utilized for services that require payments. The online gambling industry for example is connected with payment methods and moves a lot of money from the person’s account to the gambling one or vice versa. Due to this, possession factor is the type of a 2FA system which is always kept in mind and thus are how casino slots are made to be accessed online. It highlights the importance of protection of a service that involves the identity, financial information, and other private data that is involved with such accounts.

The location factor is a more backend way of dealing with the problem. This requires knowledge of the location where the user is trying to access. We have all seen emails on our google accounts if we try to log in from a different location stating that someone was attempting to access the account from this or that place. This is exactly what location factor means.

Inherence factor, or as it is more commonly referred to, biometric factor, is something a user has physically. This can be personal attributes like fingerprints, retina, facial, or voice recognition. Some of the more evolved versions of this factor may involve speech patterns, keystroke dynamics, and other behavioral biometrics.

The time factor is also one of the popular methods of authenticating a user. This means that the system is only available to be accessed at specific time frames.

How Does 2FA Work?

The way this system is used to protect the user is quite easy. Once the user is prompted to log into the application, website, or any type of a system after the username and password are input the site’s servers find a match and identify the user. However, now the user himself or herself needs to prove that they are indeed who this account belongs to. This is where the 2FA system comes in as the server now prompts the user to enter some kind of additional information which is usually in the face of a one-time PIN code, an email containing a link, or a ping on the smartphone from the corresponding application.

After providing both of the factors the user’s identity is proven to the server and thus the access is given.

Is Two-factor authentication secure?

2FA is a much more secure method of access rather than its single-factor counterpart. However, the reality sets in once we start delving into the details. The 2FA method is as secure as its weakest link meaning that sometimes the application on the device or the device itself may get hacked. While things are becoming exponentially harder for the attacker to gain access to it is still possible to steal someone’s fingerprints, or hack the smartphone, intercept the SMS, and etc.

SMS 2FA method is one of the weakest out of the bunch as it is extremely vulnerable to numerous attacks. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has even issued a statement discouraging the use of SMS based 2FA methods in its Special Publication 800-63-3: Digital Identity Guidelines. Here NIST argues that the SMS authentication is vulnerable due to the ease of mobile phone portability attacks such as Signaling System 7 hack, or the fact that mobile phone network may be infected with a virus, or even by using malware like Eurograbber, which can literally intercept or redirect text messages to a third party. This is why companies like Google are moving away from the SMS based authentication as a whole.

The account recovery process can also be utilized to bypass the 2FA system. Due to the fact that sometimes users lose access to their smartphones, or lose them, or forget the answer to the security question, or even lose access to the email that they were using. This means that the account recovery process is made with the user-friendliness in mind resulting in the hackers having the ability to basically reset the account to SFA method by requesting a second password on the email or just calling up the company and feeding the customer support with stolen personal information of the user, which can easily be gathered by proper research through social media or other different company data leaks.


In conclusion, the two-factor authentication method is here to stay. It is becoming more and more oriented towards reliable methods of authentication but witty attackers are still fighting the system by coming up with new ways to gather information or break into the 2FA devices itself. The redundancy of the system is not under question however everyone needs to take proper precautions to protect their own devices and thus their accounts.



Borderlands 3 PS5 and Xbox Series X versions announced for free



Borderlands 3 PS5

Borderlands 3 PS5 and Xbox Series X are coming with free next-gen upgrade !!

Isn’t it great? Yes, you heard right!!

Borderlands 3 is all set to take a huge jump as Gearbox Software also confirmed the news that Borderlands 3 will be available for PS5 and Xbox Series X very soon as it is under development right now.

Not only this, but there will also be an upgrade that will be freely available for all the gaming-enthusiasts who are on PS4 right now.

So there is no need to create panic PS4 gamers !!

Borderlands 3 PS5: When it Will Make Bang on Entry

  • Right now, it will be quite early to comment on its release date. But one thing that you can be stay assured about is that it will not be very late.
  • We can expect it anytime by the end of 2020 or at the beginning of the new year of which many are deliberately waiting as people have high hopes that 2021 will bring some positivity with it as 2020’s global pandemic has exhausted everyone.

What will happen to existing Borderlands 3 players?

There is a piece of good news for existing Borderlands 3 players, as existing Borderlands 3 players will be able to transfer their saves over to the enhanced PS5 and Xbox Series X versions at no extra cost.

Features of Borderlands 3 PS5 and Xbox X

Borderlands 3 PS5

  • Borderlands 3 runs at 60 frames per second and in 4K resolution on Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5 in single-player mode.
  • Not only this but also Borderlands 3 is coming with 2 exciting features like Four-player split-screen, and the option to do vertical split-screen in two-player co-op.
  • You can divide your screen both horizontally as well as vertically in a two-player co-op.

Gearbox said Borderlands 3 PS5 players can expect more add-on content later in 2020.

These features mentioned above, especially the vertical split-screen, have been requested by the gamers for so long, It is now fulfilled by the makers of the game.

And goodies are not over yet !!

As it’s not just locked to the Borderlands PS5 and Xbox Series X versions. They will be added to current-gen versions in a patch at some point as well.

New DLC is Coming ???

Yes, there is another good news regarding Borderlands 3 PS5 and Xbox X series, New DLC is ready to come out very soon.

Borderlands 3 PS5: PAX Online presentation

The gearbox is all set to amaze its players with a complete set of new surprises. This new DLC isn’t part of the season pass but comes to a new game mode and the added bonus of a brand new skill tree for every single Vault Hunter.

  • It will be introduced with FL4K’s new skill tree.
  • Recently a teaser was released showcasing a new crowd-control based action skill called Gravity Snare, and a brand new companion- a Hyperion Loaderbot which made gamers elated to a great extent.
  • In case you don’t know then let us let you know that right now Borderlands is available for PC, PS4, Stadia, and Xbox One
  • And in the coming times, it will be available for PS5 and Xbox Series X versions as they are under the development phase right now.




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Only best India betting on well-tried 1xBet



The current football season offers its fans an ongoing intrigue that continues up to now. This makes it possible to place best India betting on well-tried, which generate a considerable income for football fans. Thus, fans of the English Premier League were recently shocked by the news that the disqualification of Manchester city had been cancelled, which automatically excludes those who on the 5th line of the standings from the Champions League.

Now, to qualify for the group stage of the most popular European tournament, teams have to finish the season within the TOP 4 of the standings. Unlike Liverpool and Man City that have already secured qualification for the Champions League, other challengers keep fighting actively. Even despite the fact that London Chelsea is currently ranked 3rd and Leicester 4th, the Red Devils are a potential challenger of these places. Solskjaer’s team still have plenty of time to overcome their opponents, which is strongly backed by the following factors:

  1. Acquisition of B. Fernandes. With this player, the Manchurians’ starting lineup has gained enough strength. From now on, the flank attacks have become more frequent, thus creating dangerous moments at the opponent’s goal.
  2. Decent performance of Rashford and Martial. In the second half of the season, these two strikers managed to demonstrate their skills to the maximum and score goals in almost every game.
  3. Motivation. Solskjaer has motivated the team so that they would return their name and prestige to the large arena of the Champions League.

Best betting on the upcoming games of the English Premier League is available to all residents of India on the well-tried website 1xBet.

You can make money on the game of Manchester United within the eSports direction as well due to well-tried bets on FIFA 20 cyber league on 1xBet. Only the highest coefficients are available here.

The best attested live casino from 1xBet

The well-known brand offers to give your gambling skills a try as well. In the corresponding section, you will find a wide range of casino games that are common for a real gambling parlour. The company has attested live casino from 1xBet, which is suitable for any category of players. If you want, you can place all entertainment right into your pocket using a special mobile app. Thus, you will be able to play at the live casino from attested company 1xBet almost anywhere where there is Internet access. All new players receive a welcome bonus of up to 100% of the first deposit — such a present will significantly increase your income!

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Smarty SIM only deals & Plans August 2020



Do you use Smarty SIM? Are you planning to buy a Smarty SIM? or do you want to know Smarty SIM-only deals & Plans August 2020? If yes, go through the article below and read all about Smart SIM.

Smarty is UK’s one of the finest brands for SIM purchase brands that provides incredible offers to its customers. Get all the data you need for less. SIM-only deals are rapidly gaining popularity. One of the choicest things about Smarty is that it does not tie users into a long term contract by offering handsets or very long-term plans. Rather, it offers a good collection of  SIM-only plans, all of which bundled with unlimited texts and calls.

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Why Smart SIM only?

There are various reasons that force users to use SMART SIM only. it offers something different that you would not get on other telecommunications.

Heavy Discount on unused Data

This offer is just wow! Getting something you haven’t used! This is a “buys back” deal. Users get money at the rate of  £1 /GB of data for unused data of the previous month in the following month. So, if you have left with 5 GB of data in the month of June, you would get a discount of £5 on the billing of July.

Flexible Plans

Smarty SIM plans last for a month. So, users can change their plans every month according to their needs. Sometimes we need more data and sometimes less, so Smarty SIM provides flexibility to manage great deals for them.

Referring Scheme

Referring schemes exist with most of the apps and so does with Smarty SIM. When you signup on the website, you would be given a special link called “Refer a Freind” link. You can send invites to your friends by sharing the link. When your friend signup using the same link you would get a free month. The referred friend also gets a free month and a £10 Amazon voucher. Send as many invites as you want to. Remember, you get when your friend signup using the same link.

Data-ad ons

Run out of data sometimes? Do not worry! With Smarty SIM you can take data addons very easily at the cost of £1.25 per GB of data. moreover, Data ad-ons are for a lifetime, they do not have an expiry date.

Unlimited Calls

These days almost every firm offering unlimited call packs. but Smarty is providing unlimited texts and unlimited UK standard calls with all plans and this isn’t easy.

Use SIM on other devices

Smarty SIMs can be used in your existing phone, a new handset, tablets, dongles, laptops, wifi routers, and game consoles.

Smarty SIM only deals & Plans August 2020

1) Smarty Unlimited

  • Unlimited Data
  • Unlimited calls and texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £20 per month

2) Smarty 30 GB

  • 30 GB data
  • Unlimited calls and texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £10 per month

3) Smarty 1GB

  • 1 GB data
  • Unlimited calls and texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £6 per month

4) Smarty 2 GB

  • 2 GB data
  • Unlimited calls
  • Unlimited texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £7 per month

5) Smarty 3GB

  • 3 GB data
  • Unlimited calls
  • Unlimited texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £8 per month

6) Smarty 4 GB

  • 1 GB data
  • Unlimited calls
  • Unlimited texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £9 per month

7) Smarty 50 GB

  • 50 GB data
  • Unlimited calls
  • Unlimited texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £15 per month

8) Cheap SIM plan

This is for Lebara SIM only.

  • 2GB data
  • 1000 minutes and texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £5 per month

9) 5GB + data SIM

This is for iD Mobile

  • 10GB data
  • 1000 minutes and texts
  • Time Duration: 1 month
  • Price: £8 per month

10) Cheapest SIM only deal for Unlimited data

This is for Three SIM.

  • Time: 12-month contract
  • All-you-can-eat data
  • Unlimited calls and texts
  • Price: £18 per month

TRAI expresses concern over the use of Chinese equipment: No decision yet on Huawei and ZTE ban!!

Final Words

Well, readers, It’s all about Smarty SIM-only deals & Plans August 2020. I hope now you are out of confusion and can take a firm decision on which SIM to use. Time-to-time Smarty SIM offers the best deals to its users.

So, how do you like the article???

Share your feedback. Thank you!

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