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Remains of giant armoured fish dug up…in the Sahara



An artist’s impression of Titanichthys, the giant armoured fish that swam the seas 380 million years ago (Credits: Mark Witton / SWNS)

A giant armoured fish that roamed the prehistoric seas 380 million years ago has been dug up… in the Sahara.

And it could hold the key to saving the world’s two biggest fish – the basking shark and the whale shark.

Named Titanichtys, it too was a filter feeder – swimming slowly with jaws ajar and straining zooplankton instead of sucking water in.

Basking sharks, so named because they often look like they are basking in the sun, and whale sharks do the same – today.

Only closing their mouths to swallow, long comb like structures known as gill rakers trap and filter food particles. They can strain up to 2,000 tonnes of water an hour.

The endangered creatures reach lengths of up to 40 and 60 feet, respectively. Baleen whales are among a number of marine animals that also use the technique.

Now an enormous three foot head belonging to Titanichtys may improve conservation efforts, say British scientists.

The remarkably preserved specimen dates back to the Late Devonian – 140 million years before the first dinosaurs roamed the earth.

At the time the world’s biggest sand desert was covered by a deep ocean teeming with life.

Fossils used in the study, as they were found in Morocco. (Credits: C. Klug / SWNS)

Swimming slowly with its mouth wide open, Titanichtys fed all day on tiny plankton to keep its huge body well nourished.

It was among the largest animals of the time – reaching up to twenty feet long and weighing more than three tons.

Its bones were so big it was once thought to be a dinosaur. But Titanichthys belonged to an extinct group of bizarre marine creatures called the placoderms.

Their heads and thoraxes were covered by articulated plates – and the rest of the body was scaled.

Lead author Sam Coatham, who carried out the research while studying for his masters in palaeobiology at the University of Bristol, said: ‘We have found Titanichthys was very likely to have been a suspension-feeder (filter feeder).

‘Its lower jaw was considerably less mechanically robust than those of other placoderm species that fed on large or hard-shelled prey.

‘Consequently, those feeding strategies – common amongst its relatives – would probably have not been available for Titanichthys.’

Placoderms were among the first fish to evolve jaws. Most were predators – setting Titanichthys apart.

It shared features with modern plankton-slurping fish including a lack of teeth, a large body size, relatively small eye sockets and long, slender lower jaws.

Fossils found in North America, Morocco and Poland show it shared the seas with many other strange fish.

These included the 30 foot long fanged sea monster Dunkleosteus – one of the scariest animals that ever lived. It had a thick body, bulging head and massive jaws.

Mr Coatham said: ‘The lower jaw of Titanichthys we investigated was over three feet long and still slightly incomplete – so it was definitely large.’

It was found in Morocco by co-author Professor Christian Klug, a palaeontologist at the University of Zurich, in a remote mountain range known as the Anti-Atlas.

Mr Coatham, who is now at the University of Manchester, added: ‘Titanichthys fossils have been observed with puncture marks caused by Dunkleosteus – an apex predator and one of few species which approached the size of Titanichthys.

‘I suspect Dunkleosteus would have been one of its only potential predators – akin to modern basking sharks only being predated by killer whales and potentially great white sharks.’

Unlike its similarly giant contemporary there is no previous evidence of how Titanichthys fed.

Where the lower jaw of Dunkleosteus and many of its relatives had clear fangs and crushing plates, Titanichthys’ is narrow and lacking any teeth or sharp edges suitable for cutting.

Consequently, Titanichthys was a ‘filter-feeder’, capturing high concentrations of plankton.

But no evidence of the comb-like projections that cover the gills of modern fish that do this have ever been found in the fossil record.

So the international team demonstrated it in Titanichthys indirectly – using bio-mechanical analysis to compare its lower jaw with those of other species.

The findings reported in the Royal Society journal Open Science are based on the fossilised skull unearthed by Prof Klug.

The Sahara desert used to be an ocean teaming with fish (Credits: Diego Mattarelli / SWNS)

He explained: ‘When you do field work in the Anti-Atlas, massive skull bones of placoderms can be found quite frequently.’

The team tested the resilience of the jaws by virtually applying forces using a technique called FEA (Finite Element Analysis).

This revealed the lower jaw of Titanichthys was much less resistant to stress and was more likely to break than those of the other placoderm species – such as the famous Dunkleosteus.

So the jaw of Titanichthys would not have been able to withstand the higher stresses associated with their strategies of feeding on large prey – which exerts more mechanical stress.

This pattern was consistent in both sharks and whales, with filter-feeders proving less resistant to stress than other species within the same lineage.

Further analyses comparing the distribution of stress across the jaws showed similar patterns in Titanichthys and the basking shark – reinforcing the results.

It has been established that there were almost certainly giant filter feeding vertebrates living 380 million years ago.

Mr Coatham said: ‘Our methods could be extended to identify other such species in the fossil record and investigate whether there were common factors driving the evolution and extinction of these species.

‘We suggest a link between oceanic productivity and the evolution of Titanichthys, but this should be investigated in detail in the future.

‘An established link could have implications for our understanding of the conservation of modern suspension-feeders.’

Large shark populations are plummeting due to overfishing and the shark fin trade. The fish are slow growing, late maturing and produce few young compared to other fishes.

These characteristics make them especially vulnerable to exploitation by humans.


Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket – For Which One You Should Go For



Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket - For Which One You Should Go For

Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket

Want to know the difference between these two shipping modes? With which shipping method you should go?

Out of Aliexpress Standard Shipping and ePacket, which is cheaper? Then no worries. We are here with a closer look at –Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket. We will help you out to figure these two available shipping ways.

Aliexpress Standard Shipping

Aliexpress Standard Shipping and the company is the top e-commerce site and property of Alibaba Group. Aliexpress Standard Shipping is not the cheapest delivery option but it is a reliable choice.

AliExpress offers shipping options for every taste and budget:

  • For those who are in a hurry.
  • For those who are not.
  • With extra fees.

With Aliexpress Standard Shipping, the parcels usually arrive within 15-45 days.

You will see the tracking number of the parcel on the product’s details page when the shipment is sent. You can track the location of your package also.

Aliexpress Standard Shipping follows different chain:

Seller-> Aliexpress Warehouse->Courier->Customer.


As the name implies, the shipping service was designed for e-commerce. It helps the customers to receive parcels quickly from online stores and marketplaces that shipped out from China and Hong Kong.

Before ePacket, products were shipped to the US from China via sea. This was a long journey, and shipping took a long time.

However, ePacket has its own requirements. The maximum length of a package is 24 inches (60 cm) and the total length, height, and thickness of the package cannot be more than 36 inches (90 cm).

Additionally, the package cannot weigh more than 4.4 lbs (2kg). Through ePacket, the product can be delivered to 35 countries.

Shipping time may vary and depends on the destination of the package, customs, holidays, and other delays. On average a package takes 10-20 days to arrive from the United States.

Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket

The two shipping methods that we are going to explore are AliExpress Standard Shipping and ePacket. Compared to the other free shipping method, AliExpress Standard Shipping and ePacket can cut down shipping time for a few days.

To know which is the best shipping option, consider the advantages and disadvantages of each shipping method.

Aliexpress Standard Shipping- Advantages

  • It provides free shipping to some destination countries like the USA.
  • Products are packed in good quality packaging.
  • Packages usually arrived within 15 to 45 days.
  • Provides many shipping options according to your choice.


  • Packages usually arrived within 15 to 45 days.
  • It is ideal for small packages.
  • Sometimes you need to pick up your parcels.

ePacket Shipping: Advantages

  • The estimated shipping time is 7 – 30 days.
  • It is cheaper than other shipping services.
  • ePacket is faster than other standard shipping methods being used in China.


  • ePacket is not available worldwide. ePacket delivers the products only in 35 countries.
  • There is a limitation on the size and weight of parcels.

Which Shipping Method Should I Go With- Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket?

According to my choice, you should choose ePacket as it is faster and more reliable.

From our experience, AliExpress Standard Shipping generally has a slower delivery timeframe than ePacket. But if it isn’t, then AliExpress Standard Shipping should be your next best choice for affordable shipping and package delivery.

Summing it Up On :

Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket

This is all about Aliexpress Standard Shipping vs ePacket. Hope you are able to figure out which shipping method is best for you.

Give your feedback in the comment section below.

Thanks for reading!

Is AliExpress Banned In India? Can It Be Banned Soon?

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Fauci says U.S. needs to ‘hunker down’ for fall and winter



As the U.S. makes its way to the flu season, the citizens can’t go easy in their fight against this ongoing pandemic, mentioned Dr. Anthony Fauci on Thursday. Even though the total number of latest daily cases for the COVID-19 disease in the United States has been slowly yet steadily declining in the past two weeks straight, the numbers are still fairly close to 200,000 deaths pertaining to COVID-19 along with 6 million+ cases of confirmed infections.

Fauci also mentioned that we have to be cautious & work through the winter and fall season. This is because things are in no way going to be survivable with a plethora of other diseases lurking in the background.

Fauci is the director for the National Institute of Allergies & Infectious Diseases who spoke regarding the vaccine trials for COVID-19 as well as the chances of surges deemed to happen after Labor Day. He went on to note that when the United States manages to control the disease in a certain region, another one emerges as a hot spot.

This spike in the number inevitably appears whenever the states happen to lift their restrictions related to social distancing. As per Fauci, this transition from a controlled area to a hot spot is actually a depressing sight, given the fact that we already know what is responsible for the same.

One among the leading researchers for AIDS since the year 1980s, Fauci, also happened to warn about how dangerous it could be when people start undermining this virus. He also went on to compare this new pandemic to that of the initial days of the HIV virus that started with some gay men & decades later; there were 70 million+ infected individuals with millions dead of the disease.

He mentioned that the people have been through a pandemic of this intensity before, and underestimating its potential would only bring disastrous consequences. Fauci’s comments related to the requirement for scientists and doctors to approach this disease with complete seriousness came just after the President was heard saying that the pandemic seriousness has been minimized as per Sports Grind Entertainment.

President Donald Trump has been highly criticized for the response made by him with regard to this virus. According to the President, he was playing down the scenario, given the fact that there was no need to create panic.

Although Fauci didn’t actually mention these statements provided by the President, he surely reflected on the lessons learned from this mistake. He also added that we had no idea about the virus from the very first day. However, as we learn more about it, we need to be flexible and change the recommendations, policies, guidelines, as well as other mandates as per the information obtained.

Fauci also mentioned that these vaccine trials have been progressing particularly well. He repeated his caution and added it with optimism stating that a vaccine might be ready as we approach the end of 2020. However, he made no comment related to the vaccine trials being conducted at the University of Oxford that was paused for the week after one participant in the United Kingdom happened to develop an issue in the spinal cord area. When enquired about the possibility of a 2nd wave for the cases in the United States, Fauci mentioned that he isn’t debating about the 2nd surge given the fact that we haven’t yet overcome the first one. While the country is ridden with fear of the speculations of an influenza season that might start in the month of October, it might overwhelm the country’s health care protocol, which is overrun with COVID-19 patients.

Although there is some good news coming in from Australia, things are looking good for the United States. Australia experienced the lightest influenza cases due to the social distancing protocol in place for COVID-19 infection.

However, it isn’t clear whether the United States would experience a similar fate in this regard. To this, Fauci commented that he has no idea of the situation and its future, so he wouldn’t want to predict anything positive or negative related to the pandemic.


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IT ministry banned 118 more apps including PUBG: Here’s the full list



The Indian government once again banned 118 Chinese applications. The name of PUBG is also included in these apps. 118 other mobile applications of China have been banned by the IT Ministry.

The Ministry of Information Technology had received several complaints from various sources, stating that users’ data is being stolen incorrectly through some mobile apps available on Android and iOS platforms. 

Here is the full list of apps banned by the government on September 2:

Other Apps which are banned by the Government are :

21.Tencent Weiyun


23.WeChat Work

24.Cyber Hunter

25.Cyber Hunter Lite

26. Knives Out-No rules, just fight!

27.Super Mecha Champions


29.Dawn of Isles

30.Ludo World-Ludo Superstar

31.Chess Rush

32.PUBG MOBILE Nordic Map: Livik


34.Rise of Kingdoms: Lost Crusade

35.Art of Conquest: Dark Horizon

36.Dank Tanks


38.Game of Sultans

39.Gallery Vault – Hide Pictures And Videos

40.Smart AppLock (App Protect)

& 10 Bands Equalizer


61.Web Browser – Fast, Privacy & Light Web Explorer

62.Web Browser – Secure Explorer

63.Music Player – Audio Player

64.Video Player – All Format HD Video Player

65.Lamour Love All Over The World

66.Amour- video chat & call all over the world.

67.MV Master – Make Your Status Video & Community

68.MV Master – Best Video Maker & Photo Video Editor

69.APUS Message Center-Intelligent management

70.LivU Meet new people & Video chat with strangers

91.Murderous Pursuits

92.Tencent Watchlist (Tencent Technology

93.Learn Chinese AI-Super Chinese

94.HUYA LIVE – Game Live Stream

95.Little Q Album

96.Fighting Landlords – Free and happy Fighting Landlords

97.Hi Meitu

98.Mobile Legends: Pocket

99.VPN for TikTok

100.VPN for TikTok

101.Penguin E-sports Live assistant

102. Buy Cars-offer everything you need, special offers and low prices


104.Beauty Camera Plus – Sweet Camera & Face Selfie

105.Parallel Space Lite – Dual App

106.”Chief Almighty: First Thunder BC

107.MARVEL Super War NetEase Games

108.AFK Arena

109.Creative Destruction NetEase Games

110.Crusaders of Light NetEase Games

111.Mafia City Yotta Games

112.Onmyoji NetEase Games

113.Ride Out Heroes NetEase Games

114. Yimeng Jianghu-Chu Liuxiang has been fully upgraded

115.Legend: Rising Empire NetEase Games

116.Arena of Valor: 5v5 Arena Games

117.Soul Hunters

118.Rules of Survival

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